Исконный славянский лексикон Дерксена (*Š)


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Всего на Š (Ш) – 8 слов.

Proto-Slavic form: *še?stъ
GRAM: num. o
Accent paradigm: c
PSLMEAN: `sixth'
Old Church Slavic: šestъ `sixth' [num o]
Russian: šestoґj `sixth' [num o]
Czech: šestyґ `sixth' [num o]; #Cz. šeґstyґ (dial.) `sixth' [num o]
Old Czech:: šeґstyґ `sixth' [num o]
Slovak: šiesty `sixth' [num o]
Polish: szoґsty `sixth' [num o]
Upper Sorbian: šesty `sixth' [num o]
Serbo-Croatian: še?st– `sixth' [num]; #SCr. C№ak. še~st– (Vrgada) `sixth' [num o]; #SCr. C№ak. šie~sti (Orbanicґi) `the sixth' [num o]
Slovene: šęґsti `sixth' [num o]
Bulgarian: šeґsti `sixth' [num o]
Proto-Balto-Slavic reconstruction: *s•es•tos (us•tos)
Lithuanian: še~štas `sixth' [num o] 4
Latvian: sęstais `sixth' [num o]
Old Prussian: wuschts (I) `sixth' [num]; #OPr. usts (II) `sixth' [num]; #OPr. uschts (III) `sixth' [num]
Indo-European reconstruction: *suekґs-t(h2)o- (sukґs-t(h2)o-)
Other cognates: Skt. s•as•t•haґ- (AV+) `sixth' [num]
Proto-Slavic form: *še?stь
GRAM: num.
Accent paradigm: c
PSLMEAN: `six'
Old Church Slavic: šestь `six' [num i]
Russian: šest' `six' [num i]
Czech: šest `six' [num]
Slovak: šest' `six' [num]
Polish: szesґcґ `six' [num]
Slovincian: ši°eёsc `six' [num]
Upper Sorbian: šĕscґ `six' [num]
Serbo-Croatian: še?st `six' [num]; #SCr. C№ak. še?st (Vrgada) `six' [num]; #SCr. C№ak. šie?s (Orbanicґi) `six' [num]
Slovene: šę?st `six' [num]
Bulgarian: šest `six' [num]
Proto-Balto-Slavic reconstruction: *s•es•
Lithuanian: šeši° `six' [num] 4
Indo-European reconstruction: *suekґs
Other cognates: Skt. s•aґs•- (RV+) `six' [num]; Gk. ex 'six' [num]
Proto-Slavic form: *šibati
GRAM: v.
PSLMEAN: `whip'
Old Church Slavic: šibaaxǫ (Supr.) `they whipped' [3plimpf]
Russian: šibaґt' `throw, hit' [verb], šibaґju [1sg]
Slovak: šibat' `beat' [verb]
Serbo-Croatian: ši?bati `flog, whip' [verb], ši?bѓm [1sg]
Slovene: šiґbati `flog, whip' [verb], ši?bam [1sg]
Bulgarian: šiґbam `flog, whip' [verb]
Indo-European reconstruction: *ksuёeib-
Other cognates: Skt. ks•ipaґti `swing, throw' [verb]; OIc. sveipa `sweep, swing' [verb]; OE swѓpan `sweep, swing' [verb]; OHG sweifan `wind' [verb]
Proto-Slavic form: *ši°ti
GRAM: v.
Accent paradigm: a
PSLMEAN: `sew'
Church Slavic: šiti (SerbCS) `sew' [verb], šijǫ [1sg] {1}
Russian: šit' `sew' [verb], š'ju [1sg], š'eЁt [3sg]
Ukrainian: šyґty `sew' [verb], šyґju [1sg]
Czech: šiґti `sew' [verb], šiji [1sg]
Slovak: šit' `sew' [verb]
Polish: szycґ `sew' [verb], szyję [1sg]
Serbo-Croatian: ši?ti `sew' [verb], ši?jЊm [1sg]; #SCr. C№ak. ši?ti (Vrgada) `sew' [verb], ši?ješ [2sg]; #SCr. C№ak. ši?ti (Hvar) `sew' [verb], ši?jen [1sg]; #SCr. C№ak. ši?t (Orbanicґi) `sew' [verb], ši?jen [1sg]
Slovene: šiґti `sew' [verb], ši?jem [1sg]
Bulgarian: šiґja `sew' [verb]
Proto-Balto-Slavic reconstruction: *siёuЂtei
Lithuanian: siіґti `sew' [verb]
Latvian: šu~t `sew' [verb]
Indo-European reconstruction: *siuH-
Other cognates: Skt. s–ґvyati `sew' [verb]; Lat. suere `sow' [verb], sіtum [ppp]; Go. siujan `sow' [verb]
Notes: {1} In OCS, we find nešьvenъ (Zogr., Mar.) `without a seam' (in John 19:23) and šьvenъ `embroidered' in zlatomъ šьvenyixъ rizъ (Supr.).
Proto-Slavic form: *šu?jь
GRAM: adj. jo
Accent paradigm: c
PSLMEAN: `left'
Old Church Slavic: šui `left' [adj jo]
Slovene: šu?j `left' [adj jo], šuґja [Nomsf]
Indo-European reconstruction: *seu-io-
Certainty: +
Page in Pokorny: 915
Other cognates: Skt. savyaґ- `left' [adj]; Av. haoya- `left' [adj]; MW aswy `left' [adj]; MW aseu `left' [adj]
Proto-Slavic form: *šulo
GRAM: n. o
PSLMEAN: `post, pole'
Russian: šuґlo (W. dial.) `fence post' [n o]; #Ru. šuґla (Smolensk) `fence post' [f ѓ]
Ukrainian: šuґla `fence post' [f ѓ]
Old Polish: szuљo `wooden pole' [n o] {1}
Lithuanian: šu°las `post, pole, stave' [m o] 4 {2}
Old Prussian: sulis (EV) `stave'
Indo-European reconstruction: *kseul-o-
Other cognates: Gk. xЪlon `wood, beam' [n]
Notes: {1} Possibly a borrowing from Lithuanian. {2} There is indirect evidence for AP 2, viz. šu°linis, šu°line† `well' (Illič-Svityč 1963: s.v.).
Proto-Slavic form: *šurь
GRAM: m. jo
PSLMEAN: `brother-in-law (wife's brother)'
Church Slavic: šurь `brother-in-law (wife's brother)' [m jo]
Russian: šuґrin `brother-in-law (wife's brother)' [m o], šur'jaґ [Nomp]
Old Russian:: šurinъ `brother-in-law (wife's brother)' [m o], šurjata [Nomp], šur'ja [coll]
Polish: szurzy `brother-in-law (wife's brother)' [m jo], szurzego [Gens]
Serbo-Croatian: šu?ra `brother-in-law (wife's brother)' [m o]; #SCr. šu°r(j)ѓk `brother-in-law (wife's brother)' [m o], šur(j)aґka [Gens]; #SCr. C№ak. šurjaІ~k (Vrgada) `brother-in-law (wife's brother)' [m o], šurjaІЇka? [Gens]
Slovene: šurjaґk `brother-in-law (wife's brother)' [m o]; #Sln. šuґrja `brother-in-law (wife's brother)' [m ѓ]
Bulgarian: šuґrej `brother-in-law (wife's brother)' [m jo]
Indo-European reconstruction: *sieu-r-??
Proto-Slavic form: *šьvьcь [ШВЕЦ]
PSLMEAN: `tailor, shoemaker'
Russian: švec' `(obs.) tailor, (dial.) shoemaker' [m jo], švecaґ [Gens]
Old Russian:: šьvьcь `tailor, shoemaker' [m jo]
BeloRussian: švec' `shoemaker' [m jo], šovcaґ [Gens]
Ukrainian: švec' `shoemaker' [m jo], ševcjaґ [Gens]
Czech: švec `shoemaker' [m jo], ševce [Gens]
Slovak: švec `shoemaker' [m jo]
Polish: szewc `shoemaker' [m jo]
Serbo-Croatian: šaґvac (Vuk: Dubr.) `tailor' [m jo], šaґvca [Gens]
Lithuanian: siuvi°kas (Ness., dial.) `tailor' [m jo]; #Lith. siuvikis (DP) `tailor' [m jo]
Old Prussian: schuwikis (EV) `shoemaker'
COMM: Derivative in *-ьcь of -> ši°ti `sow'. The root shape *šьv- < *siuH- is regular in antevocalic position.

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Страница обновлена 25.01.2016