Исконный славянский лексикон Дерксена (*On)


> >
Праславянский словарь: А | Б | В | Г | Д | Е | Ѣ | Ж | З | И | К | Л | М | Н | О | Ѫ | П | Р | С | Т | У | Х | Ц | Ч | Ш | Щ | Ю | Ѭ | Я | Ѩ
Труды-источники: Дерксен-Старостин | Покорный | ЭССЯ (Трубачев)
Славянские словари: Старославянский | Русский | Белорусский | Болгарский | Лужицкие | Македонский | Польский | Сербохорватский | Словацкий | Словенский | Украинский | Чешский

Словарь Дерксена: A | B | C | Č | D | E | Ę | Ĕ | Ę2 | G | I | Ju | | K | L | M | N | O | Ǫ | Ǫ2 | P | R | S | Šč | Š | T | U | V | X | Z | Ž

Всего на *Ǫ (У – “юс большой”) – 12 слов.

Proto-Slavic form: *ǫdi°ti
GRAM: v.
Accent paradigm: c
PSLMEAN: `smoke'
Czech: uditi `smoke' [verb]
Polish: wędzicґ `smoke' [verb]
Slovene: vodiґti `smoke' [verb], vodiґm [1sg]; #Sln. odiґti `smoke (met)' [verb], odiґm [1sg]
Indo-European reconstruction: *uondh-
Page in Pokorny: 1047
Other cognates: OHG swintan `fade, pine away, wither' [verb]; OE swindan `subside, fade' [verb]
Proto-Slavic form: *ǫ°glь
GRAM: m. i
Accent paradigm: a
PSLMEAN: `coal'
Old Church Slavic: ǫglь (Ps. Sin., Supr.) `coal' [m i]
Russian: uґgol' `coal' [m jo], uґglja [Gens], ugljaґ [Gens]
Czech: uhel `coal' [m jo]
Slovak: uhol' `coal' [m jo]
Polish: węgiel `coal' [m jo]
Serbo-Croatian: u?galj `coal' [m jo], u?glja [Gens]; #SCr. u?gljЊn `coal' [m o], u?gljena [Gens]; #SCr. C№ak. u?gl§en (Vrgada) `coal' [m o], u?gl§ena [Gens]
Slovene: ǫ?gЌљ `coal' [m o], ǫ?gla [Gens]; #Sln. vǫ?gЌљ `coal' [m o], vǫ?gla [Gens]
Proto-Balto-Slavic reconstruction: *onЂglis
Lithuanian: angli°s `coal' [f i] 4; #Lith. aґnglis `coal' [m io] 1; #Lith. an~glis `coal' [m io] 2
Latvian: u°ogle `coal' [f Њ]
Indo-European reconstruction: *h1ongє-l-
COMM: Probably a hysterodynamic l-stem.
Other cognates: Skt. aґn†gѓra- (RV+) `coal' [m]
Proto-Slavic form: *ǫgorь
GRAM: m. jo
PSLMEAN: `eel'
Russian: uґgor' `eel, blackhead' [m jo], ugrjaґ [Gens]
Czech: uґhor№ `eel' [m jo]
Slovak: uґhor `eel' [m o]; #Slk. uhor `pork tapeworm, blackhead' [m o], uhra [Gens]
Polish: węgorz `eel' [m jo]
Upper Sorbian: wuhor `eel' [m jo]
Lower Sorbian: wugorґ `eel' [m jo]
Serbo-Croatian: u?gor `eel' [m o]; #SCr. C№ak. u?gor (Vrgada) `conger eel' [m o], u?gora [Gens]; #SCr. C№ak. u?gЎr (Novi) `conger eel' [m o], u?gora [Gens]
Slovene: ogǫґr `eel' [m jo], ogǫґrja [Gens]
Proto-Balto-Slavic reconstruction: *angurio-
Lithuanian: ungury~s `eel' [m io]
Old Prussian: angurgis `eel' [m io]
Indo-European reconstruction: *h2ngєh-ur-io-
Page in Pokorny: 43
Other cognates: Fi. ankerias `eel'; Lat. anguilla `eel' [f]
Proto-Slavic form: *ǫ?gъlъ
GRAM: m. o
Accent paradigm: c
PSLMEAN: `corner'
Old Church Slavic: ǫgъlъ `corner' [m o]
Russian: uґgol `corner' [m o], uglaґ [Gens]
Czech: uґhel `corner' [m o]
Slovak: uhol `corner' [m o]
Polish: węgieљ `corner' [m o]
Serbo-Croatian: u?gal (dial.) `corner' [m o]
Slovene: ǫ?gЌљ `corner' [m o], ǫ?gla [Gens]; #Sln. vǫ?gЌљ `corner' [m o], vǫ?gla [Gens]
Bulgarian: aўґgaўl `corner' [m o]
Indo-European reconstruction: *h2eng-
Page in Pokorny: 46
COMM: Derivative in *-ъlь of *ǫg- < *h2ong-.
Other cognates: Lat. angulus `corner, angle' [m]; OIc. ekkja `ankle, heel' [f]; Arm. ankiwn `corner'
Proto-Slavic form: *ǫkotь
GRAM: f. i
Church Slavic: ǫkotь (SerbCS) `hook' [f i]
Old Russian:: ukotь `claw, anchor' [f i]
Lithuanian: aґnka (Kursch., WP) `snare, noose' [f ѓ] 1
COMM: The root of this derivative is *h2onk-, cf. Lat. uncus `hook', ancus (Paul. ex Fest.) `with crooked arms'. For the meaning of the root, cf. Skt. an~c- `bend'.
Other cognates: Skt. an†kaґ- (RV+) `hook, clamp' [m o]; Gk. Фgkoj `hook' [m]; Lat. uncus `hook [m]
Proto-Slavic form: *ǫґsъ
GRAM: m. o
Accent paradigm: b
PSLMEAN: `moustache'
Church Slavic: ǫsъ (RuCS) `moustache, beard' [m o]
Russian: us `hair of a moustache, whisker' [m o], usyґ `moustache' [Nomp]
Czech: vous `beard hair' [m o], vousy `beard' [Nomp]
Polish: wa§s `moustache' [m o], wa§sy `moustache' [Nomp]
Slovene: vǫ?s `moustache' [m o], vosi `id.' [Nomp]; #Sln. vǫґse `moustache' [Nompf ѓ]
Proto-Balto-Slavic reconstruction: *uёoґnsos {1}
Lithuanian: uo~stai (Z№em.) `moustache' [Nompm o] 2
Old Prussian: wanso `first beard'
Indo-European reconstruction: *uondh-s-om
Other cognates: OHG wintbrѓwa `eye-lash' [f]; MIr. find `hair' [m]
Notes: {1} Originally *uёoґnsom.
Proto-Slavic form: *ǫtrь
GRAM: adv.
PSLMEAN: `inside, within'
Old Church Slavic: ǫtrь (Supr.) `inside, within' [adv]; #OCS vъnǫtrь `inside, within' [adv]
Russian: vnutr' `inside, within' [adv/prep]; #Ru. vnutriґ `inside, within' [adv/prep]
Old Russian:: utrь `inside, within' [adv]
Czech: vnitr№ `inside, within' [adv]; #Cz. uvnitr№ `inside, within' [adv]
Old Czech:: vn№utr№ `inside, within' [adv]
Slovak: vnuґtri `inside, within' [adv]
Polish: wewna§trz `inside, within' [adv]
Serbo-Croatian: unuґtar `inside, within' [adv]; #SCr. unuґtra `inside, within' [adv]
Slovene: nǫ?tЌr `in, inside' [adv]; #Sln. nǫ?tri `inside' [adv]
Indo-European reconstruction: *h1on-tr-oґ-m
Proto-Slavic form: *ǫty
GRAM: f. і
PSLMEAN: `duck'
Church Slavic: ǫty `duck' [f і]
Russian: uґtka `duck' [f ѓ]; #Ru. utvaґ (dial.) `duck' [f ѓ]
Old Russian:: uty?? `duck' [f і], utъve [Gens]; #ORu. utovь `duck' [f і]
BeloRussian: uc' `duck' [f i]
Serbo-Croatian: u?tva `duck' [f ѓ]
Slovene: ǫ?tva `duck' [f ѓ]
Lithuanian: aґntis `duck' [f i] 1
Old Prussian: antis (EV) `duck'
Indo-European reconstruction: *h2enh2-t-
Other cognates: Skt. ѓtiґ- `aquatic bird' [f]; Lat. anas `duck' [f]; OHG anut `duck' [f]
Proto-Slavic form: *ǫziti
GRAM: v.
PSLMEAN: `constrain'
Church Slavic: ǫziti (RuCS) `constrain, torture' [verb] {1}
Russian: uґzit' `make narrow, straiten' [verb], uґžu [1sg], uґzit [2sg]
Old Russian:: uziti `constrain, torture' [verb]
Serbo-Croatian: uґziti `make narrow, straiten' [verb], u?z–m [1sg]
Indo-European reconstruction: *h2ongґh-eie-
Notes: {1} Cf. Cf. ǫzilište n. `prison'.
Proto-Slavic form: *ǫ°zlъ
GRAM: m. o
Accent paradigm: a
PSLMEAN: `knot'
Church Slavic: ǫzlъ (Serb.-CS) `knot' [m o]; #CS vǫzlъ (Serb.-CS) `knot' [m o]
Russian: uґzel `knot' [m o], uzlaґ [Gens]
Czech: uzel `knot' [m o]
Slovak: uzol `knot' [m o]
Polish: węzeљ `knot' [m o]
Serbo-Croatian: u?zao `knot' [m o], u?zla [Gens]; #SCr. C№ak. u?zal§ (Vrgada) `knot' [m o], u?zl§a [Gens]; #SCr. C№ak. u?zal (Novi) `knot' [m o], u?zla [Gens]; #SCr. C№ak. uёo?zalj (Orbanicґi) `knot' [m jo]
Slovene: voґzЌљ `knot' [m o], voґzla [Gens]; #Sln. oґzЌљ `knot' [m o], oґzla [Gens]
Bulgarian: vaўґzel `knot' [m o]
Proto-Balto-Slavic reconstruction: *onЂzґ-(Ў)l-
Lithuanian: a§ґžuolas `oak' [m o] 1/3
Latvian: uo^zuo~ls `oak' [m o]
Old Prussian: ansonis `oak' [m o]
Indo-European reconstruction: *h2ongґh-lo-
Proto-Slavic form: *ǫzъkъ
GRAM: adj. o
PSLMEAN: `narrow'
Old Church Slavic: ǫzъkъ `narrow' [adj o]
Russian: uґzkij `narrow' [adj o]; #Ru. uґzok `narrow' [adj o], uzkaґ [Nomsf], uґzko [Nomsn]
Czech: uґzkyґ `narrow' [adj o]
Slovak: uґzky `narrow' [adj o]
Polish: wa§zki `narrow' [adj o]
Serbo-Croatian: u?zak `narrow' [adj o], u?ska [Nomsf], uska? [Nomsf]; #SCr. C№ak. u?sak `narrow' [adj o], uska? [Nomsf], u?sko [Nomsn]
Slovene: ǫґzЌk `narrow' [adj o], ǫґzka [Nomsf]
Proto-Balto-Slavic reconstruction: *anzґ-
Lithuanian: an~kštas `narrow' [adj o]
Indo-European reconstruction: *h2engґh-
Other cognates: Skt. am•huґ- `narrow' [adj]; Lat. angustus `narrow' [adj]; Go. aggwus `narrow' [adj]
Proto-Slavic form: *ǫґžь
GRAM: m. jo
Accent paradigm: b
PSLMEAN: `snake'
Russian: už `snake' [m jo], užaґ [Gens]
Old Russian:: užь `snake' [m jo]
Czech: užovka `adder' [f ѓ]
Slovak: užovka `adder' [f ѓ]
Polish: wa§z† `snake' [m jo], węz†a [Gens]
Upper Sorbian: wuž `grass snake' [f ѓ]
Lower Sorbian: wuž `snake, (dial.) maggot' [f ѓ]
Serbo-Croatian: C№ak. uёo~š (Orbanicґi) `kind of black snake' [m jo], uёoža? [Gens]
Slovene: ǫґž `grass snake' [m jo]; #Sln. vǫ?ž `snake' [m jo]
Proto-Balto-Slavic reconstruction: *angi(o)s
Lithuanian: angi°s `snake' [f i] 4
Latvian: uo^dze `adder' [f Њ]
Indo-European reconstruction: *h2engєh-i-o-
Other cognates: Lat. anguis `snake' [m]; OHG unc `snake' [m]; MIr. escung `eel' [m]

Главная
О праславянах и их языке: Хронология | Балто-славика | Прародина | Мифы | Особые черты | Фонетика | Морфонология | Лексика | Фразеология | Грамматика | Библиография | Ссылки
Родственное по славянским языкам: Славяноведение | Книги по славистике | Церковнославянский язык и азбука | Русские префиксы, суффиксы, корни и словари | Панславистика
Вспомогательное: Индоевропейский праязык | Y-ДНК популяция R1a | Железный век Евразии | Древняя Русь | Славянские топонимы Германии
Славянские страны: Россия | Белоруссия | Болгария | Босния | Македония | Польша | Сербия | Словакия | Словения | Украина | Хорватия | Черногория | Чехия

© «Proto-Slavic.ru», Игорь Константинович Гаршин, 2012. Пишите письма (Письмо Игорю Константиновичу Гаршину).
Страница обновлена 25.01.2016