Праславянская лексика на Б

> Оющеславянские слова (Б)
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Русские слова на Б праславянского происхождения

Всего - 83 слова общеславянского фонда (по Покорному).

  1. bagno (dial.): `marshy place, wild rosemary' [n o]
  2. bajati (dial.): `speak' [verb]
  3. balovat': `indulge in, amuse oneself with' [verb]
  4. balon'e (dial.): `low flooded place' [n io]
  5. baba: `grandmother, married peasant woman' [f ѓ]
  6. basnja: `fable' [f jѓ]
  7. bavit' (dial.): `linger' [verb]
  8. 1. bdet' (arch.): `keep watch, keep vigil' [verb], bdiš' [2sg] {1); 2. bodryj: `cheerful' [adj o]; #Ru. bodr: `cheerful' [adj o], bodra [Nomsf], bodro [Nomsn] {1}; 3. budit': `awaken, arouse' [verb], bužu [1sg], budit [3sg] {1}
  9. beda: `misfortune, trouble' [f ѓ]
  10. bedit' (dial.): `spoil, vex' [verb]
  11. bedro: `thigh, hip' [n o]; #Ru. bedra (dial.): `thigh' [f ѓ]
  12. bereč: `take care of, spare' [verb], beregu [1sg], berežjot [3sg]
  13. beremja (dial.): `armful, bundle, burden' [n n], beremeni [Gens]
  14. berežaja (dial.): `in foal' [Nomsgf]; #Ru. berjožaja (dial.): `mare in foal' [Nomsgf]
  15. 1. berjoza: `birch' [f ѓ]; 2. berest: `elm' [m o], beresta [Gens] {1}
  16. bes: `demon' [m o]
  17. bez: `without' [prep]
  18. begat': `run' [verb], begaju [1sg]; bežat': `run, escape' [verb], begu [1sg], bežit [3sg]
  19. 1. belyj: `white' [adj o]; #Ru. bel: `white' [adj o], bela [Nomsf], belo [Nomsn] {1}; 2. belen (dial.): `henbane' [m o]; #Ru. belena: `henbane' [f ѓ]; 3. (uz)belenit'sja (dial.): `become infuriated' [verb]; 4. #Ru. bolonit' (dial.): `pester, bore' [verb]; #Ru. bolonit' (dial.): `talk' [verb] [ взбелениться, болонить - от белена ß белый ]
  20. bereg: `bank, shore' [m o]
  21. 1. bit': `beat' [verb], b'ju [1sg], b'jjot [3sg]; 2. bitva: `battle' [f ѓ]; 3. bič': `whip, lash' [m jo]; 4. boj: `battle, fight, beating' [m jo], boja [Gens] {1}; 5. bojat'sja: `fear, be afraid' [verb], bojus' [1sg], boitsja [3sg]; 6. bojazn': `fear' [f i]
  22. bilo (dial.): `pestle, seat in a sleigh' [n o]
  23. bledoj (dial.): `pale' [adj o]; #Ru. bljodyj (dial.): `pale' [adj o]
  24. 1. blesk: `brightness, splendour' [m o]; 2. bljoknut': `fade, wither' [verb] {1}; 3. blistat': `shine' [verb]; #Ru. bliskat' (dial.): `sparkle' [verb]
  25. blevat' (vulg.): `vomit' [verb], bljuju [1sg], bljujjot [3sg]
  26. blejat': `bleat, (dial.): `speak, chatter, cry' [verb]
  27. bljokot (dial.): `henbane' [m o]; #Ru. blekota (dial.): `chatterbox' [m/f o]
  28. blin: `pancake' [m o]
  29. 1. bliz: `near, close to' [prep]; 2. blizyj (dial.): `short-sighted' [adj o]; #Ru. blizkij: `near, close' [adj o]
  30. blizna (dial.): `missing thread in fabric, flaw in home-spun material' [f ѓ]; #Ru. blizna: `knot in linen resulting from an incorrect arrangement of the warp' [f ѓ]; #Ru. blizno: `flaw in fabric, absence of one or two threads' [n o]; #Ru. bljuzna: `flaw in fabric' [f ѓ]
  31. bljusti: `guard, observe' [verb], bljudu [1sg], bljudjot [3sg]
  32. bloxa: `flea' [f ѓ], bloxu [Accs]; #Ru. bloxa (dial.): `flea' [f ѓ], bloxu [Accs]
  33. 1. blud: `lechery, fornication (dial.) evil spirit that leads the drunk astray' [m o]; bludit': `wander, roam' [verb], blužu [1sg], bludit [3sg]; #Ru. bludit': `fornicate' [verb], blužu [1sg], bludit [3sg]; 2. bljad': `prostitute, dissipated woman' [f i], bljadi [Gens]
  34. bo (dial.): `if, for, because' [conj]
  35. bobr: `beaver' [m o], bobra [Gens]; #Ru. bobjor: `beaver (fur)' [m o], bobra [Gens]
  36. 1. bodat': `butt' [verb], bodaju [1sg]; 2. bydlo: `cattle' [n o]
  37. 1. bog: `god' [m o], boga [Gens]; 2. bogatyj: `rich' [adj o]
  38. 1. bol': `pain' [f i]; 2. bolet': `ache' [verb], bolit [3sg]; #Ru. bolet': `be ill' [verb], boleet [3sg]
  39. bolona: `sickly outgrowth on trees, sap-wood, (dial.) lump' [f ѓ]
  40. bolon' (dial.): `peritoneum, membrane, upper layers of a tree, cambium, bull's belly' [f i]; #Ru. bolon' (dial.): `timber' [f i]
  41. boloto: `swamp' [n o]
  42. bor: `coniferous forest' [m o]; #Ru. bor (dial.): `woods, forest, heather, shrubbery, high place, dry place, waterless valley' [m o/u]
  43. 1. boroda: `beard, (dial.) chin' [f ѓ], bґorodu [Accs]; 2. borodatyj: `bearded' [adj o]
  44. borona: `harrow' [f ѓ], boronu [Accs]
  45. borozda: `furrow, (dial.) harrow, canal' [f ѓ]
  46. borot': `overpower, throw to the ground' [verb], borju [1sg], boret [3sg]; #Ru. borot'sja: `fight' [verb], borjus' [1sg], boretsja [3sg]
  47. bort': `wild beehive' [f i]
  48. bosoj: `barefooted' [adj o]
  49. bost' (Smolensk): `butt' [verb], bodu [1sg]; #Ru. bosti (Kalin. obl.): `butt' [verb]
  50. 1. bolee: `more' [adv]; 2. bol'šij: `bigger' [adj jo], bol'šaja [Nomsf], bol'šee [Nomsn]
  51. bologo (dial.): `well, good' [adv]; #Ru. bologo (dial.): `well, good' [adv]
  52. bolozno (dial.): `thick plank' [n o]
  53. boron' (dial.): `prohibition, order' [f i]
  54. borošno (dial.): `rye-flour' [n o]
  55. borov: `hog, castrated boar, (dial.) boar, castrated bull' [m o]
  56. borzyj (obs., poet.): `fast, fleet' [adj o]; #Ru. borzyj (dial.): `bold, dexterous, daring' [adj o]; #Ru. borzoj (dial.): `bold, dexterous, violent' [adj o]
  57. brat: `brother' [m o], brata [Gens]; brat'ja: `brothers' [Nompm o]
  58. brat': `take' [verb], beru [1sg], berjot [3sg]
  59. bresti: `drag oneself along, stroll pensively' [verb], bredu [1sg], bredjot [3sg]
  60. brevno: `beam' [n o]
  61. brezg (coll., dial.): `dawn' [m o]
  62. bredit': `be delirious, rave, (dial.) clear a way' [verb]
  63. 1. brit': `shave' [verb], breju [1sg]; 2. britva: `razor' [f ѓ]
  64. bridkij (Psk.): `sharp, cold' [adj o]; #Ru. bridkoj (Psk.): `sharp, cold' [adj o]; #Ru. britkoj (Dal': Arx.): `sharp' [adj o]; #Ru. britkij (Dal': S, W): `repulsive' [adj o]
  65. brjazžat' (dial.): `talk nonsense, jingle, strum' [verb]
  66. brjaknut' (dial.): `swell, expand as a result of dryness or moisture' [verb]
  67. brjuxo: `belly' [n o]
  68. 1. brod: `ford' [m o], broda [Gens], brodov [Genp]; 2. brodit': `wander, roam, stroll' [verb]
  69. brosat': `throw, (dial.) scutch flax' [verb], brosaju [1sg]; #Ru. brokat' (dial.): `throw' [verb]
  70. brosnut' (dial.): `squeeze, pick berries' [verb]
  71. brost': `buds (of a shrub)' [f i]
  72. brov': `eyebrow' [f i]
  73. brusnika: `mountain cranberry, cowberry, red whortleberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea)' [f jѓ]
  74. bryd (dial.): `sharpness, fumes, haze' [m o]; #Ru. brid (dial.): `smoke' [m o]
  75. bubnit': `grumble, mutter' [verb]
  76. bučat' (dial.): `low, weep loudly, hum' [verb]
  77. buben: `tambourine' [m o]
  78. bujny: `wild, tempestuous' [adj o]
  79. burja: `storm' [f jѓ]
  80. byl'jo (obs.): `grass' [n io]
  81. 1. byt': `be' [verb], budu [1sg]; 2. byt'jo (obs.): `way of life' [n io]; 3. byvat': `happen, be' [verb]
  82. bystryj: `quick' [adj o]
  83. bzdet': `break wind' [verb]

Общеславянский лексикон на Б

Всего - слова общеславянского праязыка (по Старостину).


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Страница обновлена 25.08.2013